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A Breakdown Of The 3 Phases Of A Residential Construction Project

by Camila Holland

Any construction project, residential or otherwise, is generally broken down into three phases—preconstruction, construction, and post-construction. These phases take up different amounts of time depending on the size and scope of the project, but each is important in its own way. Here's a brief overview of these three phases of residential construction. 

Preconstruction Phase

The preconstruction phase is when the homeowner has finalized the design of their project with an architect or designer and selected a contractor. This is also the preparation phase, where the contractor obtains the necessary permits and licenses, orders materials, and assembles the construction crew. This phase can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months.

The contractor will also provide the homeowner with a construction schedule and budget during this phase. It is important to note that changes made during the preconstruction phase can impact the construction schedule and budget, so it is important to make all decisions carefully.

Construction Phase

The construction phase is when the actual building takes place. The contractor and their team will begin by clearing the site and preparing the foundation. Some construction sites may need more work than others to get them ready, but this is generally accounted for in the construction schedule.

Once the foundation is prepared, the framing of the house will begin. Framing is basically the skeletal structure of the house, and it is important that it is done correctly for the rest of the construction to go smoothly. The contractor will start putting up walls and adding roofing. Usually, the electrician and plumber will also begin working at this stage, running the necessary wiring and pipes through the house. This phase also includes the installation of windows, doors, and any other exterior finishes.

The final phase of construction is the interior work. This includes things like drywall, flooring, painting, and trim work. The electrician and plumber will also finish up their work at this stage. They might need to install fixtures that connect to the rest of the pipework and wiring. Once all of the interior work is finished, the construction crew will do a final walk-through with the homeowner to make sure that everything is to their liking.

Post-Construction Phase

After the house is finished and the construction crew has left, there is still some work to be done. The landscaping will need to be installed, and any final touchups to the exterior of the house will need to be made. Touchups could include things like exterior painting or staining the deck or driveway.

The homeowner will also need to obtain a certificate of occupancy from their local municipality. This certificate indicates that the house meets all the necessary building code requirements and is safe for habitation. 

Contact a local residential construction service to learn more.